The remaining Commissioners are appointed by agreement between the President-elect and each national government, and are then, as a block, subject to a qualified majority vote of the Council to approve, and majority approval of the Parliament.  The Parliament can only approve or reject the whole Commission, not individual Commissioners but conducts public hearings with each of them prior to its vote, which in practice often triggers changes to individual appointments or portfolios. TFEU art 248 says the President may reshuffle Commissioners, though this is uncommon, without member state approval. A proposal that the Commissioners be drawn from the elected Parliament, was not adopted in the Treaty of Lisbon , though in practice several invariable are, relinquishing their seat in order to serve.
The states that were adversely affected by the crisis faced a strong rise in interest rate spreads for government bonds as a result of investor concerns about their future debt sustainability. Four eurozone states had to be rescued by sovereign bailout programs, which were provided jointly by the International Monetary Fund and the European Commission , with additional support at the technical level from the European Central Bank . Together these three international organisations representing the bailout creditors became nicknamed "the Troika ".